Why is it called 2.5?
The 2.5 in PM2.5 refers to the size of the pollutant in micrometers. Bear with us here while it gets a bit mathematics-y! Micrometers have this symbol: µm and are equivalent to 0.001 millimeters. The smallest thing that the average human eye can perceive is about 0.1 millimeters, which is around the same width as a human hair. So in order for us to see something as incredibly small as a micrometer, we need to use powerful microscopes.
What are the negative effects of exposure to PM2.5?
Depending on how healthy you are in general, PM2.5 will have different long and short term negative health effects. When exposed to levels of PM2.5 between to moderate – hazardous range, one may experience the following effects:
- shortness of breath
- eye, nose and throat irritation
- excessive coughing and wheezing
- diminished lung function and lung disease
- diminished heart function, sometimes resulting in heart attack
- asthma attacks
PM2.5 also damages the environment by increasing acidity in the soil and water bodies. Which in turn affects their ability to produce food and support life.
1.The first layer of spunbond can filter micron-level dust
2.The second layer filters industrial pollutants, car exhaust, second-hand smoke and pollen allergens
3.The third layer of activated carbon cloth filters micron-level dust
4.The fourth layer filter smaller materials.
5.The fifth layer of spunbond filters out various harmful substances